Understanding Changes in a Woman’s Body During Menopause
As women age, their bodies go through a series of changes that can feel uncomfortable, unfamiliar, and even strange. These changes can be attributed to menopause, a natural biological process that marks the end of menstruation. But what exactly happens during menopause?
According to Dr. Robert Feldman, Chief & Medical Director of Obstetrics & Gynecology, women go through the perimenopause phase, which is pre-menopause, in their forties, followed by the menopausal transition, the intermediate stage just before menopause. Menopause itself is declared when a woman goes without a period for a year.
Although the ages may vary, some women may experience perimenopause as early as 30 or 35, and some may even have menopause in their early forties. This variability requires individualized treatment and symptom management.
Perimenopause, which can last anywhere from 5 to 15 years, can bring about a range of symptoms such as hot flashes, mood changes, irregular periods, sleep disturbances, and vaginal dryness. Menopause itself can also cause similar symptoms due to decreased estrogen levels, leading to discomfort and anxiety.
It’s important for women to talk to their healthcare provider about their symptoms and individualized treatment options, which may include hormone therapy, lifestyle modifications, and medications. By understanding these changes and seeking the right care, women can navigate this transition with greater ease and comfort.