Fatigue is the first symptom of diabetes, affirms Lois Exelbert, Nurse Diabetes Educator and Patient Care Manager with Baptist Hospital, because the body is not getting energy from food. When the body has to excrete the extra sugar, frequent urination becomes the second symptom. Thirst and hunger are the other most common symptoms of diabetes, she explains.
Lois Exelbert, Nurse Diabetes Educator and Patient Care Manager with Baptist Hospital, clarifies several myths about diabetes. She says new studies indicate that patients who can lose just 5 to 10% of their overall weight goal for improving their diabetes. The expert affirms at least four percent of people who have diabetes don’t know it. Nobody is exempt from having diabetes, she adds.
The pancreas is in the middle of the stomach, next to the kidneys and underneath the liver. The main culprit of the pancreas is a hormone that produces insulin in it, explains Lois Exelbert, Nurse Diabetes Educator and Patient Care Manager with Baptist Hospital of Miami. She states insulin enables people to break down sugar from food. If there isn’t sufficient insulin, that sugar remains in the bloodstream. In type one diabetes, it has to be replaced completely and it’s important to determine how it is causing the insulin reduction, she says.
Sometimes people will have no symptoms of diabetes, but typically if blood sugar rises above a normal level, the initial symptoms of it are: fatigue, frequent urination, hungry and thirsty, affirms Lois Exelbert, Nurse Diabetes Educator and Patient Care Manager with Baptist Hospital of Miami. Carla Duenas, Registered Dietitian with Baptist Health South Florida, advises checking with the physician at least on an annual basis, because some of the symptoms can be attributed to many other things.
Diabetes is a condition primarily involving the pancreas, explains Lois Exelbert, Nurse Diabetes Educator and Patient Care Manager with Baptist Hospital with a graphic. She describes, throughout the pancreas there are areas called islets of Langerhans, which have a lot of cells but one of them, the beta cell, produces insulin. Insulin helps the body to use sugar from food, because every kind of food is converted to sugar. Without insulin, sugar will remain in the bloodstream without entering the cells of patients’ bodies for energy.